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Periodontal Surgery

If you're diagnosed with periodontal disease, the dental specialists may recommend periodontal surgery.

Periodontal surgery is required when the tissue around your teeth is unhealthy and cannot be repaired with a non-surgical procedure. It is a minor surgery done with the help of local anesthetic.

There are three types of surgical treatments:
  • Pocket Reduction Procedures
  • Crown Lengthening
  • Soft Tissue Grafts

Pocket Reduction Procedures - Periodontal or Flap surgery is essentially similar to other various periodontal surgical procedures. Periodontal disease destroys the supporting tissue and bone and results in pockets around the teeth. Furthermore these pockets cause bacteria to develop around the teeth resulting in bone and tissue loss. In case of severe bone loss, the teeth may also need to be extracted.

The pocket reduction procedure is recommended when pockets become too deep to clean from routine procedures, this can only be identified after the initial consultation at the dental specialists' clinic. The procedure starts with folding back the gum tissue, removing disease causing bacteria and securing the tissue back into place. In the process the damaged bone surfaces are also smoothed to get healthy bone.
Benefits With this procedure the visual access is obtained and therefore the thoroughness of the debridement (cleaning) is improved. The surgery also allows reshaping the bone to its natural scalloped shape.

Often a few stitches are required and the area is covered with a puttylike packing material to protect the site for a week. However, patients are back to work the next day.

Crown Lengthening - If you have a gummy smile and your teeth appear short due to access gum tissue. To correct this you actually need Crown Lengthening, which is performed by a periodontist. Under this procedure the excess gum and bone tissue is restructured to make the natural tooth more visible. Crown Lengthening can be performed on a single tooth, the entire gum line or on multiple teeth.

Often, crown lengthening is also recommended for restorative/cosmetic dental procedures. For example, if part of a tooth is broken below the gum line due to fracture or decay, a crown lengthening procedure can be recommended to adjust the level of the gum and bone around the tooth or teeth involved, thereby providing for more tooth structure and allowing for the final crown restoration to be constructed.
Benefits
  • Crown lengthening is important for the overall strength of the final crown
  • Improves periodontal health.

Soft Tissue Grafts- Exposed tooth roots are the result of gum recession. There are a variety of reasons behind receded gums, which include aggressive tooth brushing, periodontal disease, anatomic susceptibility, and tooth position. If left untreated it can lead to tooth decay on roots and even tooth loss. Soft tissue grafting is the most common treatment for recession. A Soft tissue graft procedure can repair the defect and can help to prevent further recession and bone loss.

During this procedure, a healthy gum tissue will be moved from your palate or another donor source to cover the recessed root.

Contact us for more information on Soft tissue grafts.

At The dental specialists' we are committed to proving quality dental care, and a clean and hygienic environment to our patients. If you are suffering from periodontal disease or have any dental problem, please feel to contact us, we will look forward to serving you a beautiful smile to add on to the quality of your life.