Gum Disease: The Silent Threat

Our gums need special attention when it comes to disease prevention and cure. Visit your periodontist for regular dental check-up sessions to ensure healthy gums.

Periodontal Surgery in Chicago

Periodontal surgery or gum surgery is a medical procedure in general dentistry performed to restore the appearance and function of gums, teeth, and bones that are damaged by a severe bacterial infection below the gum line (i.e. periodontal disease).

Indications

Periodontal surgery is recommended for people with advanced stages of gum infection and the supporting tissues. The symptoms of severe gum disease include:

  • Loose teeth
  • Bad breath
  • Deepened periodontal pockets formed between the gums and teeth
  • Swollen, red, tender, or bleeding gums
  • Pain while chewing solid food
  • Sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures
  • Receding gums or gums that pull away from teeth

If periodontal disease is left untreated, it can lead to the loss of a tooth or other problems like heart disease and stroke. The periodontists in Chicago at TDS can help determine the patient’s candidacy for the surgery. If you are experiencing any of the above-mentioned dental concerns, you can schedule an appointment with the best periodontists at The Dental Specialists, one of the top dental clinics in Chicago.

What Happens in an Initial Consultation?

Prior to the periodontal surgery, the patients must undergo a pre-operative dental exam to ensure that the surgery is safe for them. During an initial dental appointment, the dentist:

  • Reviews the medical history of the patients
  • Examine the candidate’s mouth, teeth, and jaw to ensure they are stable and healthy
  • Spot any abscesses, infections, or other issues that could impair healing post-surgery
  • Have a discussion regarding the goals and expectations of the patient from the surgery, the risks, and benefits associated with the surgery, and finally receive the consent to have surgery.

Prerequisites

  • Avoid drinking alcohol and smoking for at least 24 hours beforehand.
  • Discontinue or avoid the intake of certain medications like aspirin, blood thinners, and painkillers a few weeks before the procedure.
  • Complete the prescribed course of antibiotics to lower the chances of having an infection.
  • Arrange for someone to drive home and care for you after the surgery is over.
Periodontal Surgery 2

Procedure

Periodontal surgery can be of different types among which some may require local numbing of gums while others may require general anesthesia or IV sedation to make the patient sleep. Depending upon the specific needs or condition of the patient, the oral surgeon performs an appropriate surgical procedure from the following options:

Bone Grafting

When the gum disease has progressed to damage to the jawbone surrounding the tooth root, it can be replaced by a graft (i.e. small parts of one’s own bone, a donor bone, or an artificial bone). This helps encourage natural bone regrowth and prevent tooth loss.

Flap surgery

During the procedure, the dentist first makes cuts along the gum line to lift a section of the gums away from the teeth and have better access to the tooth roots so that any dental plaque or tartar can be removed and cleaned away. After this deep cleaning, the gum incisions are sutured, so that the tissues are secured around the teeth.

Soft Tissue Grafting

It involves the removal of a small piece of tissue from the roof of the mouth or the use of donor tissues attached to the areas with sparse or minimal soft tissues. This surgery is performed to treat receding gums and help restore some of the lost tissues.

Guided Tissue Regeneration

In this technique, the surgeon places a small piece of material between the gum tissue and bone to allow it to regrow.

Post-operative Instructions

  • Take pain-relieving medications as recommended by the dentist to alleviate discomfort.
  • Avoid strenuous physical activities.
  • Use a special mouth rinse or take an antibiotic to avoid bacteria build-up after the surgery.
  • Avoid intake of hard, sticky, or chewy foods rather start with a soft or liquid diet for a week or two.
  • Do not smoke for at least 2 weeks and drink alcohol for at least 24 hours post-surgery.
  • Do not miss follow-up dental appointments i.e. scheduled after 1-2 weeks to remove any stitches and check the progression of healing of gums.

The periodontist at TDS – your periodontic diseases treatment clinic in Chicago – performs a variety of surgical services for the treatment of periodontal issues.

At the clinic, the early stages of periodontal disease are best treated with the aid of non-surgical periodontal therapy. In severe cases, surgical therapies are performed to improve gum and dental health.

To learn more, schedule an appointment with us!

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